Changes to the open Internet in Kazakhstan

Wednesday, June 8, 2011 | 2:27 AM

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Update 14 June, 7:40pm: After we published this post, the Kazakhstan authorities issued new guidance stating that the order no longer applies to previously registered domains. In practice this means we can re-launch While we’re pleased that we can once again offer our users in Kazakhstan customised search results, we encourage the Government of Kazakhstan to rescind this requirement for all future .kz domains as well.

The genius of the Internet has always been its open infrastructure, which allows anyone with a connection to communicate with anyone else on the network. It’s not limited by national boundaries, and it facilitates free expression, commerce and innovation in ways that we could never have imagined even 20 or 30 years ago.

Some governments, however, are attempting to create borders on the web without full consideration of the consequences their actions may have on their own citizens and the economy. Last month, the Kazakhstan Network Information Centre notified us of an order issued by the Ministry of Communications and Information in Kazakhstan that requires all .kz domain names, such as, to operate on physical servers within the borders of that country. This requirement means that Google would have to route all searches on to servers located inside Kazakhstan. (Currently, when users search on any of our domains, our systems automatically handle those requests the fastest way possible, regardless of national boundaries.)

We find ourselves in a difficult situation: creating borders on the web raises important questions for us not only about network efficiency but also about user privacy and free expression. If we were to operate only via servers located inside Kazakhstan, we would be helping to create a fractured Internet. So we have decided to redirect users that visit to in Kazakh. Unfortunately, this means that Kazakhstani users will experience a reduction in search quality as results will no longer be customised for Kazakhstan.

Measures that force Internet companies to choose between taking actions that harm the open web, or reducing the quality of their services, hurt users. We encourage governments and other stakeholders to work together to preserve an open Internet, which empowers local users, boosts local economies and encourages innovation around the globe.


Luke Janicke said...

Why not open a server in Kazakhstan (still fetching results from your main data center) or redirect to and continue to provide users in Kazakhstan with a high quality, customized service? This policy doesn't immediately undermine the open infrastructure of the Internet. I'm surprised more countries don't have the same policy.

Andreas Weller said...

Hi Google.

Why do you interpret your own policies this Janus faced way? Does Youtube no longer belong to your company? I'm finding myself getting more and more annoyed by youtube's "This video is not available in your country" message. Why get worked up over whilst defending national boundaries on youtube the "berlin wall" or "north korean" way?

That's just untrustworthy!

Andreas Weller

index.html said...

It is probably a necessary measure, given Kazakhstan is an authoritarian state where citizens' rights and freedoms are not always respected, and that this law seems to represent an attempt to control the information on the internet.